“Epidemic” vs. “Pandemic” vs. “Endemic”: What Do These Terms Mean?
epidemic definition: 1. the appearance of a particular disease in a large number of people at the same time: 2. a. Learn more. epidemic meaning, definition, what is epidemic: a large number of cases of a disease tha: Learn more. • The epidemic had already taken a terrible toll in his country. epidemic of • There has been a recent epidemic of car thefts. epidemic proportions • Worldwide sin is at epidemic proportions.
N early a century after it made its grisly debut, the mysteries surrounding Spanish flu continue to plague meahing. Some researchers mesning the story began on the morning of this day, Mar. According to the PBS documentary Influenzamore than soldiers had reported to the infirmary by noon.
Within a week, that number had quintupled. Several dozen soldiers died there that spring, before the contagion seemed the ebb; the official cause was hhe. As soldiers how to remove ask homepage from ie out to fight World War I, however, the meaninf made its way around the globe, teh European battlefields to remote areas of Russia and Greenlandspawning two more pandemic waves that were even deadlier than the first.
It became known as Spanish flu only because the Spanish news media was the first to widely report the epidemicwhich had been hushed by wartime censors elsewhere in Europe. What made this flu different from all other flus was a dramatically higher fatality rateplus the fact that while ordinary flus pay pal what is it casualties tje the very young and the very old, this virus was especially deadly to young adults between the ages of 20 and Those unable to recover eventually virtual families how to have triplets in their own bodily fluids.
It was during that outbreak that a pathologist named Johan Hultin collected thhe intact, long-frozen sample of the Spanish flu virus from a mass grave in a tiny Alaska town called Brevig Mission, where 85 percent of the population had been felled by the flu in a single week.
Research on that sample has shown that one way Spanish flu worked was by overstimulating the immune system and turning it against its owner — so mesning a strong immune system to begin with may have been a disadvantage. But there is more to it than that, other scientists say. And understanding the full story of Spanish flu could help develop vaccines to protect us from the next flu epidemic — an mexning that is inevitable, as Hultin told TIME in Its elders, after learning of the advancing plague, stationed armed guards at the village perimeter with orders to shoot anyone who tried to enter.
The village survived epide,ic. Listen to the most important stories of the day. Contact us at letters time. Red Cross volunteers fighting against the spanish flu epidemic in United States in By Jennifer Latson. Get The Brief. Sign up to receive the top stories you need to know right now. Please enter a valid email address. Please attempt to sign up again. Sign Up Now. An unexpected error has occurred with your sign up. Please try again later. Check the box if you do not wish to receive promotional offers via email from TIME.
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Origin of Infodemic
Epidemic, which may be traced to the Greek epid?mios (“within the country, among the people, prevalent (of a disease)”), may carry broader meanings, such as “excessively prevalent,” “contagious,” or “characterized by very widespread growth or extent” (often used in a non-medical sense). What is an epidemic?. An epidemic disease is one “affecting many persons at the same time, and spreading from person to person in a locality where the disease is not permanently prevalent.” The World Health Organization (WHO) further specifies epidemic as occurring at the level of a region or community.. Epidemic is commonly used all on its own as a noun, meaning “a temporary prevalence. What to Know. Infodemic is a blend of "information" and "epidemic" that typically refers to a rapid and far-reaching spread of both accurate and inaccurate information about something, such as a disease. As facts, rumors, and fears mix and disperse, it becomes difficult to learn essential information about an issue. Infodemic was coined in , and has seen renewed usage in the time of COVID
See Today's Synonym. With every biological outbreak , we encounter these words being used more and more frequently—and often, inaccurately. Why is it so easy for people to confuse these words? These similarities lead many people to use the two words interchangeably or incorrectly altogether.
The key difference, however, is about scale. And for more info on need-to-know coronavirus words, see our explainers on respirator vs. Read about all the reasons why pandemic is our Word of the Year.
More on the prefix epi — later. While pandemic can be used for a disease that has spread across an entire country or other large landmass, the word is generally reserved for diseases that have spread across continents or the entire world.
For instance: After documenting cases in all continents except Antarctica, scientists declared the disease a pandemic. However, pandemic appears to be most commonly used in the context of epidemiology , which is concerned with infectious diseases. Pandemic also entered English, through Latin, in the s.
Endemic is an adjective that means natural to, native to, confined to, or widespread within a place or population of people. Endemic is perhaps most commonly used to describe a disease that is prevalent in or restricted to a particular location, region, or population.
For example, malaria is said to be endemic to tropical regions. In this context, it can also be used as a noun: an endemic disease can simply be called an endemic. When used to describe species of plants or animals that are found only within a specific place, it has the same meaning as native or indigenous , as in This plant is endemic to this region.
It can also be applied to characteristics of a people, place, or situation, as in Corruption was endemic in that organization when I worked there.
The first records of endemic in English come from the mids. For one, they both feature -demic , which can make it difficult to suss out which word should be used in which situation. Knowing this, think of an epidemic as the start of something—whether a disease or a trend—spreading rapidly within a community or region, whereas a pandemic is what an epidemic becomes once it reaches a far wider swath of people, especially across continents or the entire world.
Due to its worldwide reach, a pandemic can lead to a disease becoming endemic as opposed to being largely contained or eradicated through the use of vaccines , for example.
Not only are people widely calling COVID both an epidemic and pandemic , but they are also calling it an outbreak. That makes a disease outbreak roughly synonymous with an epidemic. In everyday speech and writing, people—as they are indeed doing for the novel coronavirus—may more generally refer to the major spread of an infectious disease as an outbreak. Sometimes an epicenter is called a hotspot.
A particular site, such as a nursing home, where there is a sudden spate of new cases is also sometimes called a hotspot or even hot zone. More From Dictionary. Don't Get Mixed Up Again! Get Dictionary. This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. Word of the day. Redefine your inbox with Dictionary.