List of regions of Latin America
Latin America Major Sub Regions. Latin America. In the map above, Latin America is a large portion of the Western World. The 4 Major sub regions of this region are: Mexico. Capitol- Mexico City (Main)Language- Spanish Ethnicity- MultiCultural (Main)Religion- Catholicism Population- ,, Central America. The four common subregions in Latin America. Latin America is often used synonymously with Ibero-America ("Iberian America"), excluding the predominantly Dutch-, French- and English-speaking territories. Thus the countries of Haiti, Belize, Guyana and Suriname, and several French overseas departments, are makingoz.comies:
Asked by Wiki User. Latin American is geographic area composed of the following subregions: Those subrefions of North America south of the U. Central America South America Caribbean. There are four area that make up the area of Latin America. Central America and the Caribbean. Here are the four countries with the shortest life expectancy in Latin America:Belize: The four subregions of the U. Just Mexico. Latin America is often divided into four main area or regions.
There were 3 major civilizations in amerifa America and that consisted of the Incas, Mayans, and Aztecs. The regions have become more modernized. Ask Question. Central America. Latin America. See What to prepare for baby shower. Top Answer.
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What Three Regions Make up Latin America? The three subregions of Latin America are South America, Central America and the Caribbean. Geographically, there are many river basins, mountains and coastal plains. Other major geographic landmarks . Sep 28, - The 4 common subregions in Latin America. Latin America can be subdivided into several subregions based on geography, politics, demographics and culture. If defined as all of the Americas south of the United States, the basic geographical subregions are North America, Central America, the Caribbean and South America. Sep 28, - The 4 common subregions in Latin America. Latin America and the Caribbean: ,, %: 4: Europe: ,, %: 5: Northern America: ,, %: 6: Oceania: 57,, %.
Latin America [a] is a group of countries and dependencies in the Western Hemisphere where Romance languages such as Spanish , Portuguese , and to a lesser extent, French are predominantly spoken. Some subnational regions known as French America such as Quebec and parts of the United States where Romance languages are primarily spoken are not usually included due to the countries as a whole being a part of Anglo America an exception to this is Puerto Rico , which is almost always included within the definition of Latin America despite being a territory of the United States.
The term is broader than categories such as Hispanic America , which specifically refers to Spanish-speaking countries and Ibero-America , which specifically refers to both Spanish and Portuguese-speaking countries. The term is also more recent in origin. The largest country in Latin America in total area is Brazil.
The term "Latin America" was first used in an conference with the title "Initiative of America. Including French-speaking territories, Latin America would consist of 20 countries and 14 dependent territories that cover an area that stretches from Mexico to Tierra del Fuego and includes much of the Caribbean.
There is no universal agreement on the origin of the term Latin America. Some historians [ citation needed ] believe that the term was created by geographers in the 16th century to refer to the parts of the New World colonized by Spain and Portugal, whose Romance languages derive from Latin.
Others argue that the term arose in s France during the reign of Napoleon III , as part of the attempt to create a French empire in the Americas. His argument is that French imperialists used the concept of "Latin" America as a way to counter British imperialism, as well as to challenge the German threat to France. This led to Napoleon's failed attempt to take military control of Mexico in the s. However, though Phelan thesis is still frequently mentioned in the U.
So, regarding when the words "Latin" and "America" were combined for the first time in a printed work, the term "Latin America" was first used in in a conference by the Chilean politician Francisco Bilbao in Paris.
Idea for a Federal Congress of Republics. The second event, the Walker affair , happened the same year both works were written: the decision by U. In both Bilbao's and Torres Caicedo's works, the Mexican—American War and Walker's expedition to Nicaragua are explicitly mentioned as examples of dangers for the region. Both authors also ask for the union of all Latin American countries as the only way to defend their territories against further foreign U.
Both rejected also European imperialism, claiming that the return of European countries to non-democratic forms of government was another danger for Latin American countries, and used the same word to describe the state of European politics at the time: "despotism.
He asked Latin American intellectuals to search for their "intellectual emancipation" by abandoning all French ideas, claiming that France was: "Hypocrite, because she [France] calls herself protector of the Latin race just to subject it to her exploitation regime; treacherous, because she speaks of freedom and nationality, when, unable to conquer freedom for herself, she enslaves others instead!
However, in France the term Latin America was used with the opposite intention. It played a role in his campaign to imply cultural kinship of the region with France, transform France into a cultural and political leader of the area, and install Maximilian of Habsburg as emperor of the Second Mexican Empire.
The distinction between Latin America and Anglo-America is a convention based on the predominant languages in the Americas by which Romance-language and English-speaking cultures are distinguished. Neither area is culturally or linguistically homogeneous; in substantial portions of Latin America e. The term is not without controversy. Historian Mauricio Tenorio-Trillo explores at length the "allure and power" of the idea of Latin America. He remarks at the outset, "The idea of 'Latin America' ought to have vanished with the obsolescence of racial theory But it is not easy to declare something dead when it can hardly be said to have existed," going on to say, "The term is here to stay, and it is important.
Hispanic America with the inclusion of nations that according to him do not share the same pattern of conquest and colonization. Latin America can be subdivided into several subregions based on geography, politics, demographics and culture. If defined as all of the Americas south of the United States, the basic geographical subregions are North America, Central America, the Caribbean and South America;  the latter contains further politico-geographical subdivisions such as the Southern Cone , the Guianas and the Andean states.
Its occupation dates to some 14, years ago and there is some disputed evidence of even earlier occupation. Over the course of millennia, people spread to all parts of the continents. By the first millennium CE , South America's vast rainforests, mountains, plains and coasts were the home of tens of millions of people. The earliest settlements in the Americas are of the Las Vegas Culture  from about BCE and BCE, a sedentary group from the coast of Ecuador , the forefathers of the more known Valdivia culture , of the same era.
Some groups formed more permanent settlements such as the Chibcha or " Muisca " or "Muysca" and the Tairona groups. These groups are in the circum Caribbean region. The Chibchas of Colombia , the Quechuas and Aymaras of Bolivia were the three indigenous groups that settled most permanently. The region was home to many indigenous peoples and advanced civilizations, including the Aztecs , Toltecs , Maya , and Inca.
The golden age of the Maya began about , with the last two great civilizations , the Aztecs and Incas, emerging into prominence later on in the early fourteenth century and mid-fifteenth centuries, respectively. The Aztec empire was ultimately the most powerful civilization known throughout the Americas, until its downfall in part by the Spanish invasion. Francisco Pizarro eliminated the Incan rule in Peru. Both Spain and Portugal colonized and settled the Americas, which along with the rest of the uncolonized world, was divided among them by the line of demarcation in This treaty gave Spain all areas to the west, and Portugal all areas to the east the Portuguese lands in South America subsequently becoming Brazil.
By the end of the sixteenth century Spain and Portugal controlled territory extending from Alaska to the southern tips of the Patagonia. Iberian culture, customs and government were introduced with the settlers who widely intermarried with local populations.
The Catholic Religion was the only official religion in all territories under Spanish and Portuguese rule. Epidemics of diseases which came with the Spaniards, such as smallpox and measles , wiped out a large portion of the indigenous population.
Due to the lack of written records, specific numbers are hard to verify. Many of the survivors were forced to work in European plantations and mines until indigenous slavery was outlawed with the New Laws of Unlike in English colonies, Intermixing between the indigenous peoples and Iberian colonists was very common and, by the end of the colonial period , people of mixed ancestry mestizos formed majorities in several colonies.
Indigenous peoples of the Americas in various colonies were forced to work in plantations and mines; along with African slaves who were also introduced in the proceeding centuries. The Mita of Colonial Latin America was a system of forced labor imposed on the natives. First established by Viceroy Francisco de Toledo — , the Mita was upheld by laws that designated how large draft levies were and how much money the workers would receive that was based on how many shifts each individual worker performed.
Toledo established Mitas at Potosi and Huancavelica, where the Mitayos—the workers—would be reduced in number to a fraction of how many were originally assigned before the s. While several villages managed to resist the Mita, others offered payment to colonial administrators as a way out. In exchange, free labor became available through volunteers, though the Mita was kept in place as workers like miners, for example, were paid low wages.
The Spanish Crown had not made any ruling on the Mita or approved of it when Toledo first established it in spite of the uncertainty of the practice since the Crown could have gained benefits from it. However, the cortes of Spain later abolished it in once complaints of the Mita violating humanitarian rights were made. Yet complaints also came from: governors; landowners; native leaders known as Kurakas; and even priests, each of whom preferred other methods of economic exploitation.
Despite its fall, the Mita made it to the s. Another important group of slaves to mention were the slaves brought over from Africa. The first slaves came over with Christopher Columbus from the very beginning on his earliest voyages. However in the few hundred years, the Atlantic Slave trade would begin delivering slaves, imported by Spain and other colonizers, by the millions. Many of the large scale productions were run by forced slave labor.
They were a part of sugar and coffee production, farming beans, rice, corn, fruit, etc. Slaves were also house workers, servants, military soldiers, and much more. To say the least these people were property and treated as such. Though indigenous slaves existed, they were no match in quantity and lack of quality jobs when compared to the African slave. The slave population was massive compared to the better known slave ownership in the United States.
Despite the large number of slaves in Latin America, there was not as much reproduction of slaves amongst the population. Because most of the slaves then were African-born, they were more subject to rebellion. The United States involvement in the slave trade is well known amongst North America, however it hides a larger and in some ways crueler operation in the south which had a much longer history.
Latin-America, especially Peru and Mexico became a source of colonists, soldiers and merchants to the Spanish colony of the Philippines which was made a territory of Mexico-centered Viceroyalty of New Spain. In , Haiti became the first Latin American nation to gain independence, following a violent slave revolt led by Toussaint L'ouverture on the French colony of Saint-Domingue.
The victors abolished slavery. Haitian independence inspired independence movements in Spanish America. By the end of the eighteenth century, Spanish and Portuguese power waned on the global scene as other European powers took their place, notably Britain and France. Resentment grew among the majority of the population in Latin America over the restrictions imposed by the Spanish government, as well as the dominance of native Spaniards Iberian-born Peninsulares in the major social and political institutions.
Napoleon 's invasion of Spain in marked a turning point, compelling Criollo elites to form juntas that advocated independence.
Fighting soon broke out between juntas and the Spanish colonial authorities, with initial victories for the advocates of independence.
Eventually, these early movements were crushed by the royalist troops by , including those of Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla in Mexico in the year Later on Francisco de Miranda in Venezuela by This First Mexican Empire was short-lived, and was followed by the creation of a republic in The Brazilian War of Independence , which had already begun along other independent movements around the region, spread through northern, northeastern regions and in Cisplatina province.
On April 7, , worn down by years of administrative turmoil and political dissensions with both liberal and conservative sides of politics, including an attempt of republican secession ,  as well as unreconciled with the way that absolutists in Portugal had given to the succession of King John VI, Pedro I went to Portugal to reclaim his daughter's crown , abdicating the Brazilian throne in favor of his five-year-old son and heir who thus became the Empire's second monarch, with the regnal title of Dom Pedro II.
As the new Emperor could not exert his constitutional powers until he became of age, a regency was set up by the National Assembly. During the last phase of the monarchy, an internal political debate was centered on the issue of slavery. The Atlantic slave trade was abandoned in ,  as a result of the British ' Aberdeen Act , but only in May after a long process of internal mobilization and debate for an ethical and legal dismantling of slavery in the country , was the institution formally abolished.
On November 15, , worn out by years of economic stagnation, in attrition with the majority of Army officers, as well as with rural and financial elites for different reasons , the monarchy was overthrown by a military coup.
After the independence of many Latin American countries, there was a conflict between the people and the government, much of which can be reduced to the contrasting ideologies between liberalism and conservatism. Liberalists wanted to see a change in the ruling systems, and to move away from monarchs and social classes to promote equality.
When liberal Guadalupe Victoria became the first president of Mexico in , conservatists relied on their belief that the state had been better off before the new government came into power, so, by comparison, the old government was better in the eyes of the Conservatives. Following this sentiment, the conservatives pushed to take control of the government, and they succeeded.
General Santa Anna was elected president in The following decade, the Mexican—American War —48 caused Mexico to lose a significant amount of territory to the United States. This loss led to a rebellion by the enraged liberal forces against the conservative government. The instability that followed the disintegration of the union led to the independence of the other Central American countries. In Brazil, rural aristocrats were in conflict with the urban conservatives.